Are 247 dams built in Ceará territory and 130 water mains across the state. According to the Atlas of the Water Resources Management Company (Cogerh), there are still 10 integration axes built and others on the way - from Worker Channel, in 1993, to Girdle of Waters (CAC). And with the arrival of the São Francisco River Transposition, with activation of the north axis, located in Ceará, in the last month of June, the water will be able to follow the CAC, project responsible for taking water resources from Jati, on the border with Pernambuco, to Castanho, making it possible to supply approximately 4,5 million people. How does this infrastructure, however, favor the business environment in the state?
According to the secretary of Water Resources, Francisco Teixeira, the water issue, added to the lack of arable land, can be limiting in terms of economic surplus and industrialization. He claims, however, that the state has advanced in the supply of water due to a policy projected for the next 30 years. If in the past, he says, there was concern with the construction of reservoirs, now it is time to give capillarity to the reservoirs. "Although we have gone through these years of drought, we have not had a water collapse," he said.
The SRH holder also points out that the State's concern is now diversify the water matrix, as has happened with the management of the electrical matrix. “With water it is the same. We saw that we need to diversify the water source. We even used 12 dams to complement the supply of the Metropolitan Region of Fortaleza [during the most recent drought] ”.
Teixeira highlights the increase in the supply of water through the water desalination of the seadesign Ceará Water and Sewage Company (Cagece) that seeks Public-Private Partnership (PPP). “Sea water, through desalination, will complement our water matrix. In addition, we will have to collect the sewage properly, treat and reuse it industrially ”, he said.
“With water, we cannot be prejudiced against sources. They are not exclusive, they are complementary ”.
The evolution observed in the Ceará water network, with advances in the infrastructure of dams, wells, pipelines and integration axes, for example, expanded the water supply for the population and made Ceará one experienced state in living with drought, which historically punishes the Northeast, mainly in the five-year period 2012 - 2016.
Do you want to receive TrendsCE content on your smartphone?
Access our Whatsapp and say hi to us.
With the difficulty of capturing the reservoirs, in addition to the losses caused by evaporation and the consumption of water resources by irrigation, water capture is compromised during long periods of drought, compromising the functioning of existing water mains. To try to reduce expenditure and guarantee water supply, SRH instituted the Water Mesh Project, with the proposal to “thicken the network of pipelines, considering all urban centers in the State, with collection carried out, directly, in water sources with greater water guarantee and implantation of ETAs [Water Treatment Stations] next to these reservoirs for later adduction urban centers integrated into the system ”, according to the portfolio.
According to Erildo Pontes, coordinator of Water Resources for Agribusiness, of the Executive Secretariat for Agribusiness, the State is being prepared so that the waters that are stored in the first half of the year, during the rainy season (February to May), can be used consciously in the second half. With the Malha D'água project, treatment plants are being installed in around 30 locations in Ceará, starting with the cities and districts surrounding the Banabuiú reservoir, in the Central Sertão.
“Each treatment station will take water directly from that water source, mainly from reservoirs, such as dams, to serve several municipalities. The supply will be made by piping, so that there is not so much loss. From that, we will start to make available other medium weirs to serve the productive area, such as irrigation, shrimp farming, fish farming ”, he exemplified.
Even with the restrictions of a crystalline soil, of not having large perennial rivers, Pontes emphasizes the use of stored water. “As soon as you create the conditions for that, you can call on investors to work, mainly, short-cycle businesses, such as [the cultivation of] melon, watermelon, fish, shrimp. And encourage the advent of low water consumption crops, such as pitaya fruit ”.
In addition, the Malha d`Água project also makes it possible to cross the network of planned water mains with water truck routes, seeking to reduce vehicle activity and making water available at supply points to meet the highest population concentrations, especially rural ones. The study that resulted in the design of the project had an investment of approximately R $ 5,55 billion and was financed by the World Bank.
Ceará is also standing out in the elaboration of policies for the management of river basins with a focus on regions where water resources are scarce or water quality. Through a committee, which brings together representatives of the three levels of Public Power (federal - if the basin embraces more than one State or another country, state and municipal), the State monitors the Water Resources Plan, with strategic information for management from water; arbitrates conflicts (at first administrative level); establishes mechanisms and suggests charging values for the use of the resource.
According to the National Water Agency (ANA), Ceará is the second state in the Northeast with the largest number of committees in operation, behind only Bahia. Altogether, 12 groups develop the work divided by the macro-regions of the territory.Content translation is performed automatically by Gtranslate / Content translation is performed automatically by Gtranslate